Wednesday, February 22, 2017

Rare artifacts housed at Chamber of Folklore Department

 While science students are provided with well equipped labs to study and conduct research, students of other disciplines lack such facilities and they have contend with only reading books. So in order to give a practical, hands on experience to students of folklore, Dr M Nanjaiah Hogannur, a native of Chamarajanagar, who has come from rural background has converted his chamber into a ‘cultural’ museum.

Dr M Nanjaiah, HoD, Department of Folklore, University of Mysore has collected more than 300 artifacts and has displayed them in his chamber, some of which so rare they have not been seen by many urban students. Apart from folklore students, department of other students to visit his chamber to have a look of the displayed artifacts.

He has started this collection over the past five years in Mysuru, Mandya, Chamarajanagar, Mandya, Ramanagar. Some of things in his collection include millet powdering grinding stone, wooden vermicelli extractor, earthen pots and kitchen appliances that were used decades ago. There is even a 100 year old cradle, bullock cart wheel, fishing basket, agricultural implements and several others.

This apart, cultural and games related instruments which include, tamboori, dollu, flute, harmonium, nagari, mud play toys, and much more displays related to desi games taks the visitors to remind the childhood.

Nanjaiah encourages students to play desi games, prepare traditional foods and play folklore programmes. He opines by doing this the students can understand what they study in the text books and understand better. He says other departments should also house related artifacts to make students aware of reality. He says his intention is to set up a cultural lab on the lines of Janapadaloka in Ramanagar.

‘Most of the rural artifacts are disappearing in this times of urbanisation, modernisation. Hardly we find artifacts in rural areas. When we look at the artifacts it reminds the life of a pot maker, farmer, bamboo workers, the songs sung by women folk while powdering the millets using the traditional stone, and much more. This helps the students to understand the rich culture, tradition of the country, and gives a picture of village attire,’ adda Nanjaiah. 

Folklore diploma student Pramila Joshai said: ‘The exhibits helps us to know the culture and life style of our older generation. In these modern times it's hard to imagine how they were living. Most of the artifacts displayed are based on our syllabus. The mini museum shows our culture, tradition.’

‘If we visit our HoD chambers we wont find computers, electronic gadgets. He has made use of the entire chamber to house the artifacts. This museum shows us the actual reality where we feel we are entering a village when we stepin the chamber. We had never seen few of the artificats being displayed here. Soon we enter the chamber we can feel the essence of rural life,’ said Nanjamma, another students.

‘Their syllabus covers subjects on folk songs, folk rituals, agricultural rituals amongst several others. The museum helps to know the folk and village culture,’ adds researcher MN Dinesh.

Department of Folklore was opened in 1974. There are 23 students enrolled for Master's Degree (MA) in the first year, along with 30 students pursuing Doctorate and 20 Diploma students. The students have won state level award in folk art dance competition.

The oldest gymnasium of Mysore has a history of 76 years

One of the oldest gymnasiums started in Mysore in 1941, even before India became Independent, is functioning even today. The other interesting part is that the gym is run by an octogenarian, which was started by his father YVN Iah. 

Though people are familiar with modern day Gyms which started over the past decade, the ‘Apollo Gymnasium’ has been functioning silently in Vidyaranyapuram for the past 76 years, training lakhs of people in body building and fitness with tag line ‘Earnestness-Concentration-

Energetic and dynamic 80-year-old Y Nagesha Rao is the tutor. He wakes up daily at 4 am and keeps the gym ready for the students who start coming in by 5.30 am. He himself teaches every day around 250 students. He watches them closely for three months, studying their body fat, muscle structure, bone strength and then imparts training.

The students enrolled at gym come from all age group from 16 to 80 years. Most of them who are coming to gym for the past four decades and there are instances where Nagesha Rao has taught two successive generations. Those who have underwent training with five decades ago are presently sending their wards. He maintains strict natural diet without resorting to any steroids and muscle enhancing boosters.
The gym was started by his father YVN Iah at his residence in Chamundipuram in 1941, with 15 students for a monthly fee of Rs 3. His passion towards educating the people about fitness was so strong, he purchased a 40x40 site and built a gym, and started imparting training. His intention was to train people to acquire good health , which he felt was more important than acquiring wealth.

Today it is being looked after by Nagesha Rao, a retired physical education teacher at a private school, who was helping his father and today has dedicated himself completely to training students after his retirement in 1964. He is following his fathers footfalls and imparting training.
Over the past seven decades the gym has trained more than 1.5 lakh students and some of them who have undergone training under him have won gold and silver medals in weight lifting and best physique award in district-state and national levels. The fees is so low, he charges just Rs 60, with the only intention that all walks of people should afford to get trained for a good health. The fee was enhanced to Rs 60 in 2014, which was tell then just Rs 20.

The gym has no such facilities, like one can find in this modern days air conditioned gym. One can get to see only the barbells, Dumbbell, pulling machine, single bar, double bar, old mirror. Each of the gym equipments has his own history of decades, but teaching is imparted very scientifically by Nagesha Rao.
Sharing his opinion with Express, Nagesha Rao said: ‘This is not a traditional ‘Garadi Mane’, but a regular gymnasium. My father was student of KV Iyer, famous writer and fitness freak. I was just three years-old when my father started his gym. I love training and it gives me immense satisfaction and happiness. Imparting training is equal to touring ‘Punyakshetras’ for me, and I find solace in this.’

‘There is this popular misconception among people that better body can be built only by eating non vegetarian food and taking excess proteins, which is not true. There is no short cut to build body. One should work hard and build body, but not by intake of rich protein foods, which might cause side affects,’ he added.

‘Without taking anybody's assistance he imparts training alone. Now a days some of the regular students teach the new comers, but monitoring of all trainees is done by master. There are instances old students after a decade have come back and rejoined the gym. I am also undergoing training for the past 51 years in the gym, and even today my health is very fit and I don’t have complaints of what other people of my age normally complain,’ says  76-year-old S Basavaraju, who works out daily for one and half hours and has recently won gold medal in the below 66 kgs weight and above 70 years Master’s category.

‘Have hardly missed gym. By daily engaging in exercise there will be lot of energy, and makes us to be active always. Those undergoing training here don't complain of age related problems. Without taking any tablet we are very healthy and active. He guides us thoroughly and undergoing training under him itself is a bless. There is perfection in his teaching. He teaches with a dedication’, said Mahendra, an physically handicap who is practicing in gym since three decades.  

Monday, February 20, 2017

Environmentalist turn red over the proposed development works in Kukkarahalli Lake

Environmentalist have turned red over the proposed development works in Kukkarahalli Lake. The University of Mysore and Tourism Department has planned development works in the Kukkarahalli Lake, such as widening walking path, raising lake bund, construction of toilets and shelters for walkers, vehicle parking, modification of entrance, Kuvempu Vana, orchidarium, butterfly park and children park. Added to this, desilting of the lake has been taken up. Once the lake is ready, plans are on card to introduce boating and promote tourism on lines of Karanji Lake.

Environmentalists say the proposed development works might adversely affect the ecology of Kukkarahalli Lake and desilting of the lake will cause irreversible damage to the water retention capacity of the lake, and convert it into a dry depression.

Mysore Grahakara Parishat Member Retd Major General SG Vombaktere said: ‘Desilting has to be stopped immediately, as it will damage the lake irreparably. If silts are removed the water will drain away from the lake. There is no guarantee the rains will come. Even though we receive rains, the rain water does not come into the lake properly with rainwater inflow channel are blocked.'

Stating taking decisions unilaterally is not good considering the development of the lake, he said we have to think about damage to the environment and lake. 'The other proposed development works has to be discussed before implementing. We are not against the development works, but development should be in a right way,’ he added.

Environmentalist Vasanthkumar Mysoremath said: ‘Kukkarahallilake receives 10 lakh liters of backwash water form Vani Vilasa water works everyday. Apart from taking ‘unneeded’ development works there is a need of setting up a sewage treatment plant and the waste water has to be handled scientifically and released them into lakes to recharge the water bodies. There is no rains and we are facing severe drought. Desilting will spoil the lake, and its him time to save this heritage lake of Mysuru we should not take some of the proposed development works.'

Another Environmentalist Tanuja said: ‘Already the existing walking path is adequate and no need of rising it further. Hundreds of birds housed in the lake will be disturbed by taking up development works. The lakes goes dry if desilting is done, and flora, fauna will be damaged. There is need of thinking scientifically and protecting the water body. A citizen movement will be taken up in days to come to protect the lake.’

Kukkarahalli Lake Protection Committee Convenor Dr KM Jayaramaiah said that ‘the development works will be taken without causing any damage to the beauty of the lake. Desilting is being done near entrance of East and West Gate (Crawford Hall backside and Senate Bhavan opposite), where the land has gone completely dry already. By desilting the storage capacity of the lake can be increased.’

Anyways, a team of environmentalists have written a letter to DC Randeep and UoM officials seeking immediately to halt the desliting works. They have planned to stage protest in next week, if the ongoing development works are not stopped.

The Lake Development Authority and Tourism Development Corporation had released Rs 3 crore for the development of the lank. The development works were started in 2012 . The last phase of the development works at the cost of Rs 1.40 crore is ongoing in the lake, which is expected to complete by August 2017. 

MoU singed
There was a comprehensive conservation plan for the lake, prepared in 1999. The plan was handed over to the then VC of University of Mysore by the then Deputy Commissioner. In May 2002, an MoU was signed between UoM, MGP, Mysore Amateur Naturalists, Center for Appropriate Rural Technology. As per the MoU, any plans will be ‘comprehensive conservation plan’ and will be referred to all for future developments. Whereas, without discussing with any, the works have been taken up in lakes, and its said to be not according to the plan. The UoM VC has to look into this, say concerned citizens.

Thursday, February 16, 2017

Citizens irked over ‘unconstitutional’ decision of MUDA

The decision of Mysore Urban Development Authority to rent Bannimantap Grounds for private parties to conduct functions on a condition that non vegetarian food should not be cooked nor served has met with a strong opposition from concerned citizens, rational thinkers, and writers. 

Labeling the Bannimantap ground has a ‘sacred’ ground, as dasara related activities are held, and Banni trees are in the premises the decision has been taken by MUDA. The people who prepare non vegetarian food are disappointed lot with such ‘unconstitutional’ condition. Though they wish to host the event at the Bannimantap grounds, the condition has become a major set back. 

Sharing their views with Express over the ‘undemocratic’ decision of MUDA, Political Analyst Prof Muzaffar Assadi said: “If Bannimantap grounds is sacred it should not be given to any private parties, as its sacredness will be lost. In future alcohol will be served, will it not spoil the sanctity?. The decision is against the culture of the people. Even Goddess Chamundeshwari oppose the decision and says non vegetarian is my culture follow it. Either they should rent for both vegetarian - non vegetarians without, or let them not rent the land for anyone.’ 

University of Mysore Prof Maheshchandra Guru said: ‘Bannimantap is not a sacred ground. Its just an another public place, similar to Dasara Exhibition Grounds, Open Air theater and it belongs to people of all walks of life and all religions.'

'The decision of MUDA is a unconstitutional and highly objectionable. It appears the decision has been taken motivated by certain fundamentalists. MUDA should immediately withdraw its decision, which is against the constitutional norms, and laws of nature justice, and allow people to have food whatever they wish. Or else, we agitate against this undemocratic decision,” he warned. Continuing he added, “Dividing people from the society on the basis of caste, religion, food habits is highly condemnable. Majority of the people are non-vegetarians, indigenous people and follow their own culture.”

Rationalist Prof KS Bhagwan said: ‘The condition of MUDA is to intentionally discriminate the people. It appears this is a conspiracy to keep a section of community people outside the social network. Its against the principles of Constitution, and its intents social equality, social justice. Without any discrimination the ground should be given for rent to people of all walks of life, or else should not be rent to any.’

‘There are even vegetarian people who eat non vegetarian food. Even Mysuru rulers were having non vegetarian food, andRamayana Rama, Arjuna and other kshatriyas were also eating non veg food, but all that has been kept in secret’, he quoted.   

Citizen Thomas who had planned to host a event on the ground said: ‘We prepare non vegetarian foods in our function. The decision of MUDA is not welcome. It would have been better if they had used the ground to host Republic Day, Independence Day and Dasara events. If this condition is imposed, I feel most of the community people can never host any events on this grounds.’

Karnataka Dalit Welfare Trust President Shantharaju said: ‘We are confused which government is in power. For the interest of the small percentage of people, majority of the people cant sacrifice their food culture. I condemn strongly the move of MUDA.’

MUDA Chairman Dhruvakumar said: ‘Bannimantap is a sacred place. If permission is given to serve non vegetarians the sanctity of the place will be lost. Thus, we have taken a decision in the regard not to rent out the grounds for those serve non vegetarian foods.’   

Monday, February 13, 2017

The hanging garden of Mysuru​

Living amidst the greenery and hearing the chirping of birds in the urban concrete jungle is a dream for many. But not for Rev Benjamin Vas. The 59-year-old was determined to lead his life this way, so he decided to bring spring into his home by turning his house into a ‘green house’, literally.

The house, with a staggering 8,500 plants covering every inch of space, has become a familiar sight and a major attraction in Gokulam, Mysuru. The two-storeyed house named ‘Jericho’ is built on a 45x60 site. The plants are grown in every nook and corner of the house in discarded bottles, tea cups, tubs, clay pots and small containers.

Benjaminvas has taken the concept of gardening literally to new heights by completely using the terrace for his plants. Creepers and plants grown in pots dangle from the terrace giving the house a cool green effect. The ‘plant planet’ took root in January 2005. What started with hundreds of plants, today boasts of thousands. And the plants attract varieties of birds, where some have started nesting. This apart, he has an  aviary, which houses more than 70 birds.

Hailing from Somwarpet, Kodagu district, living amidst plants was quite natural for Benjaminvas. But when he shifted to Mysuru, he started missing the greenery. Thus he decided to plant trees. Today he has more than 200 varieties of plants grown in his two-storeyed house and has set up an aviary with over 70 birds.

He is doing his bit to save the environment. When one enters his house, one can feel the cool effect because of the natural ventilation. By growing plants in discarded plastic material, he is protecting the environment. Kitchen waste is converted into manure, and he is also saving electricity. He grows vegetables, medicinal plants, and several other plants needed for daily life.

Sitting in balcony one can watch the clourful butteries, squirrels wandering among plants, chirping of birds housed in aviary, and also several varieties of outside birds nested.   He has grown creeper plants on terrace and has made them to grow downwards, so that the house is covered with shades. He says with house covered with greens, there is no need of getting the house paint. He has used trees as the interior reminiscent of houses. One can spot rare birds if they come in morning. Covered with green the house looks very beautiful and gives a feel of freshness.

He says maintaining the plants is not expensive. Once in a week he sprinkles water in the pots and uses organic manure. His wife M H Rietta, a Physics professor at Maharani’s First Grade College, and children Jordanvas and Zion, who are studying in second PUC and Class 10 respectively, help him in watering the plants weekly once and in other chores.

‘We use bio-waste compost, neem oil, neem cakes, egg shells along with manure. So weeds will not grow and insects and flies are prevented,” he said. Hibiscus, rose and seasonal flowers are given to neighbours. Those who know about the benefits of medicinal plants come and collect the leaves. Vegetables are for home consumption.

His house has evoked admiration and curious comments too. “There are instances when visitors ask whether the hanging pots fall down. They are concerned that we might get injured if such an incident happens. Some are curious to know how we hang the pots. Some others look wide-eyed at plants grown in tea cups,” he says with a smile.

Says Kamalesh, a resident, “Once we wanted a medicinal plant, and my friend informed me about Benjaminvas. Was surprised when I visited the house, and saw the love he has towards plants and birds. He not only gives visitors stems, seeds and plants, but also teaches them how to grow and maintain them. I too have started gardening now.”
People aptly call the house ‘Hasiru Chappara’ (Green canopy).

'He has motivated several people to grow plants. Though we shifted out house from Gokulam, we visit the house oftenly and spend some time with birds, dogs, and enjoy the freshness of plants. Sometime we fell more freshness than visiting the parks. Because of Benjaminvas I also started loving points, and started growing plants. It gives a food feel,' said Lokesh, resident of Vijayanagar.

Bejaminv says: ‘Government should study other countries and chalk out measures to increase green cover. Dubai have convered desert area into a beautiful garden, and Mexico city is increasing the green cover through vertical gardening concepts. Following global warming the temperature is increasing every year, and to combat there is need of increasing green cover to bring down temperature. Also, government should allocate a budget for growing trees in urban areas, and every households should set aside some money for conservation of nature and growing trees. This helps to increase the green cover of the city, he adds.

Sunday, February 12, 2017

Disability did not stopped him from achieving in athlete

A physically challenged athlete has created a record in shotput and javelin throw. R Manjunath, a resident of Bogadi was afflicted with polio in his left leg when he was just 5 years old (75 per cent disabled). But his disability did not stopped him from achieving.   

Without losing confidence in life he struggled hard to achieve excellence in life. At the age of 6, he lost his father. Being physically challenged, he decided he should become an athlete and started practicing cricket, swimming, tennis, shuttle cock when he was 10 years old. Since 1990’s he dedicated himself to practicing only shot put and javelin throw and today he has to his credit more than 400 medals, of which 60 are gold and 180 silver.

His dream is to set up an Association for Physically Challenged persons and provide them training in various sports and athletics. For the past two years he is travelling across villages to find any physically handicapped persons and motivates them to become athletes for which he extends all possible help to train and make them fit.  

Presently he is training more than ten persons by personally visiting the places where they are residing. Four of them residing near Nanjangud whom he trained have won gold medals, coming 2nd and 3rd place in the sports they took part. For livelihood he has done landry work for several years, and since a decade ago he is earning from gas distribution to households. 

41-year-old Manjunath who can throw a javelin for more than 9 meters and shotput beyond 5 meters, says: “For nearly two decades am practicing javelin throw. My dream is to win gold for country in para olympics. I need support from government. There are many talented persons in rural area. Due to lack of financial support, most of them are unable to take part in national and international events. Government should identify talented sports personalities and suitably encourage them.” 

In the last two decades he has never turned back, amidst facing several financial problems. He has represented country twice in international levels, and Karnataka in national levels several times. He has won third price in Indian Masters Athletics Championship 2016 held for the physically challenged. He has took part in several para National sports meet. 

Now, he has been selected to represent India at the World Master’s game 2017 to be held at Auckland, Newzeland from April 21 to 30. He is dedicated to win a gold medal for the country by regularly practicing every day from 6 am to 8 pm. Unable to bear the costs of training, he is seeking financial assistance from philanthropists. Those need to help him can contact 98804 26071.

Thursday, January 12, 2017

The festival of harvest turns boon for some homemakers

The festival of harvest 'Makara Sankranti' has come like a boon for homemakers to find a way to earn some money. Some homemakers, maids have earned around Rs 2000 to Rs 10,000 in the last two weeks by cutting ingredients to prepare Sesame (Yellu Bella).
Some of the women have got bulk orders to prepare the Sankranthi Mixture (sesame), while in some cases the house owners have assigned the task to maids and have paid Rs 100 to Rs 200 for cleaning and roasting the mixtures.
Bhagya, resident of TK Layout said that accompanied with four other women they worked continuous for three weeks to prepare 'Yellu Bella' and prior a week to festival they hand over the ready ingredients to a retail shop.

We chop the dry coconut and jaggery into tiny pieces and pack them separately. While fried gram, sesame seeds, ground nuts will be roasted and after deskin peanut will be packed. The mixture will be added with coated saunf (sweet jeerige). For cleaning, roasting, cutting, and packing we will be getting good amount,” added Chandrakala, resident of Vidyaranyapuram.

While, there are some women who make sugar candy at home and distribute to shops and make out some money during this festival. Most of them handover to the shop they place orders, and which will be sold in retail price.

Housewife Geetha says:'Due to lakh of time and need some time to prepare seasam, many prefer readily packed mixtures. With the help of maid I got the mixture prepared and a big relief with once mixture is ready.' Raghavendra, a retail shop owner said that there is good demand for ready mixtures, and he sales around 60-80 kgs of sesame every year.

Hike in price of sugar stem
The cost of sugar cane stem has gone up considerably this time.
Last year the each stem were sold for Rs 15 to Rs 20 depending on the size. While, this years its Rs 20 to Rs 30. About 60 farmers from Hole Narasipur, Hassan have come to city, and have spread over across city to sale the cane.

Ranjit said: 'Every year we come during Sankranthi festival. If we give for middleman the profit margin is very less, thus we directly come and sale the grown cane. Due to drought, we have grown cane using bore water and this time we are selling a matured stem of cane for Rs 30.'

Tuesday, January 3, 2017

Kho Kho national champions daily walked miles to practice

This could be another real life example for the just released box office hit ‘Dangal’, only that the hero happens to be a class teacher.

Neither did they have a play ground to practice nor a Physical Education Teacher to train them. But they had one thing in common, the zeal to excel in Kho-Kho which did not let these poor farmers children take rest, till they achieved something big.

Walking for miles at a stretch and practicing in a coconut grove, these rural girls have achieved in kho-kho, making Kannadigas proud. The children hail from a small village named Kuruburu in T Narasipur, studying at the local Sri Nirvanaswamy Gramanthara High School. The team of ten have won the National level kho-kho tournament held at Jagdalpur, Chhattisgarh from December 13 to 17 and have brought laurels to State.

Facing several problems along the way including opposition from their own families, they continued practicing relentlessly without giving up. There were instance where the locals discouraged the girls stating nothing can be achieved by playing kho-kho. But, the girls without losing hope have proved their mettle.

K Manjunath who is the Maths teacher in the school, is the inspiration behind the achievements of these girls. When he joined duty in 2008, what impressed him most was the girls chasing each other inside school premises during leisure period. Observing their running skills he arranged a running race competition in school.   

To his surprise he found girls running better than boys. It was then he introduced Athletics in the school. He took the students and helped them contest at hobli, taluk and district level sports events involving running race which gradually ended up in training them in kho-kho. They have dedicated themselves in playing kho-kho for the past six years and have won several local, district-level and state-level tournaments.  

Started with training five members, now there are more than 90 children undergoing practice in the village, and the game has gain wide popularity in the village and neighbouring villages.  

“The entire village recognises us as kho-kho players and  appreciate us more capable from boys. After started practicing Kho-kho we gained physical and mental fitness.
Now our aim is to win the premier kho-kho league to be held in December 2017,” says the winning champs.

Teacher Manjunath says: ‘I was interested to become a kho-kho player from childhood, but could not fulfill my dream. Now, there is no end for my happiness. Its because of their interest it has been possible to achieve in kho-kho. They will be given more practice and we are confident we will win the premier kho-kho league.

Village Head Kuruburu Shanthakumar said: “We are very proud of the achievements of the girls. They have made our village recogonised in National and International level kho-kho tournaments.”

--- box ----

From Village to national level

The girls have practiced daily for more than four hours in morning and evening at a farm house belongs to Brungesh for nearly five years. By walk they were reaching the farm located at a distance of 1.7 kms from their school.

The management started Vidyadarshini Convent with a small play ground in 2014. The school located at a distance of 1.2 kilo meters from their school, and the girls are practicing in the ground present.

Hailing from poor farmers famililes their economic status are average. Some how couple of them have managed to buy cycles, but even today majority of girls walk miles to practice.

The team of ten who had represented the National-level Kho-Kho- tournament at Chhattisgarh are: R Preethi, P Tulasi, KR Tejaswini, Arpitha, B Chaitra, Monika, N Monashree, M Kruthika, S Vinutha and KE Sangeetha.    

The two girls who studied in the school, KS Meghana and M Veena have won in 12th South Asian Games (Soft Game) held in 2015 in Assam. They had participated against Pakisthan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Srilanka.

Surprisingly the school management have not yet appointed Physical Education Teachers. While, parents say teachers play a major role in carving future for children, and they are proud of Manjunath.  


Monday, December 19, 2016

Bonsai enthusiast pick trees to grow at Bonsai expo

'Beyond the Spirit of Bonsai – 2016', an International Bonsai Convention and Exhibition turned a perfect platform for several bonsai enthusiasts who wanted to raise bonsai plants.

The people in good number were found rushing towards the stalls erected at Avadhoota Datta Peetham to purchase the Bonsai plants and much sought were Shammi, Carmona, Prenna, ficaus, micromoria, lipsticle ficus.

Wide variety of exquisite collection of bonsai plants (miniaturised plants) have been demonstrated in the venue. Apart from choosing different kinds of beautiful art Bonsai plants, they were inquiring with the sellers about their maintenance, how to raise trees in containers; techniques, and Bonsai plants which are easy to grow and for maintenance were inquired.

Botany student Chandini who had come from Hassan said: 'I love to raise Bonsai. This is the first time am coming across such event. The display and sale of Bonsai plants, bonsai materials and demonstrations on how to grow bonsai are very informative.'

Growing and caring bonsai will not only give relaxation, but its a beautiful art work. I spend less money on jewelleries, whereas more on purchasing wide variety of Bonsai trees. I have more than 200 exquisite collection of bonsai plants at home, and love to spend time with these plants,” says Bhagayalakshmi who has come all her way from Hyderabad to take part in the on-going 'Beyond the Spirit of Bonsai – 2016', an International Bonsai Convention and Exhibition.

'Bonsai gardening is not so popular locally. People who are visiting the expo are found over enthusiastic and expressing wish to raise bonsai plants. Already those growing trees are also purchasing good number of different species of bonsai plants,' said Seth Moosem who has come from Mumbai.

Seller Savitha Gole from Pune said: 'Bonsai plants enhance the beauty of home. The prices for the trees depends on its age. Ornamental, herbal plants, planet plants (navagraharas) have good demand.'

A tamarind tree bearing fruits, orange tree, mango tree, Trident Maple, Bonsai herbal plants, Field Maple, Hedge Maple, Red Maple, Desert rose, Bougainvillea, Lebanon Cedar, Trident Maple Bonsai, Cypress, Hinoki Cypress, Dogwood, Cotoneaster, Cupressus, Weeping Fig, Chinese Banyan Fig and several other rows of species of plants were drawing attention of visitors.

The premises of Ganapathy Sachchidananda Ashram has turned a selfie spot. Bonsai lovers from across country, and overseas have taken part in the event were found clicking selfie in their smart phones with backdrop of Bonsai tress at the expo. The expo timings is 9.30 am to 1 pm; 2 pm to 7 pm.

Prior to this, Sasya Bandhu Awards were conferred on Jiro Fukuda from Japan, Lindsay Bebb from Australia, Chen Tsang Shing from Taiwan, Walter Liew from USA, Boh Twang Keng from Singapore and Madhu Sudhan from Hyderabad.

* Bonsai world has come alive at Ganapathi Ashram. People from across country and overseas have took part in the International Bonsai Convention and Exhibition.
* Nurseries specialised in selling Bonsai trees have come from Mumbai, Jabalpur, Kolkata, Pune, Vadodara, and several other states.
* The prices of Bonsai saplings starting from Rs 200 to upto Rs 60,000 are on sale.
* Visit between 9.30 am to 1 pm; 2 pm to 7 pm to watch the exquisite collection of bonsai plants.
* The event has been jointly organised by Avadhoota Dattta Peetham and Bonsai Study Group of the Indo-Japanese Association, Mumbai.
* Ganapathy Sachchidananda Swamiji interest in Bonsai led to establishment of the sprawling Kishkindha Moolika Bonsai Garden in the Ashram premises. The uniqueness of the garden is showcasing Bonsai plants according to various spiritual themes, such as plants for planets (navagrahas), and plants for Pancha Tattvas (Pancha Bhutas). 

Sunday, December 18, 2016

Soon vegetables, fruit waste to be sent to Pinjarapole

 The fruits and vegetables waste generated in Mysuru will be soon handed over to Pinjarapole Society, located at foothills of Chamundi Hill. An average 25 to 30 tonnes of waste is generated every day from D Devaraj Urs, MG Road Vegetable Market, Vani Vilas, Mandi Mohalla, and RMC.
Thus, MCC authorities have planned to handover the vegetables, fruit waste to Pinjarapole society, which is taking care of more than 4000 cows, including cattle, buffalos. This will not only reduce the quantity of waste being dumped to landfills, whereas will be a great help for society.

With city generating 402 tonnes of waste every day, more than 350 tonnes is wet waste. Earlier villagers from surrounding villages used to visit market and collect banana stems, leaves, fruits, vegetables, for livestocks, while flower and other waste were converted to manure and used for agriculture activities. Since last two decades they stopped collection of waste. Later, for few months the waste was handed over to Pinjarapole and later it was dumped to landfills.

A week ago, MCC has conducted meeting with the society members to handover the vegetables and fruit waste. MCC Commissioner Jagadeesh said that by next week the vegetables waste will be sent to Pinjarapole so that vegetable and fruit waste can be addressed to higher extent.

Sources in the Pinjarapole said that 'in 2009 for couple of months waste were handed over to the Pinjarapole, but was later stopped. Now, soon an agreement will be entered to collect the vegetable waste. The waste generated during festival season will be more and it will be helpful to feed livestock. Following drought it was quite challenging to arrange fodder for cattle and the move of MCC will be helpful to some extent to feed livestocks. 

Compost Units at hostels soon

MCC is also planning to set up a compost units at hostels, market, institutions, apartments, hotels which generate bulk wet waste, so that the wet waste will be compost at source.

Corporation officials say they have achieved 100 per cent in door to door collection of waste. Whereas, only 40 per cent achievement in segregation of waste at source. Thus, in days to come more emphasis will be given to segregation of waste at source and treating waste at source. Residents will be educated about segregation of waste by next month. If any households fail to segregate they will be imposed penalty, and meantime people will be motivated to compost waste at source.

MCC Commissioner Jagadeesh said that Mysuru City Corporation has been awarded cleanest city twice, and still there is a huge scope for improvement and programmes will be implemented in phase manners. A big challenge is to educate people about segregation of waste, he added.

* To over come the shortage of Auto tipper, and compartment vehicles, soon 120 vehicles will be launched for collection of segregated waste.
* A meet has been held with hotel owners to have a compost unit. In first phase compost Units to be set up at hostels, market.
* To clean market in night time.  

People tattooing their bodies to cover wounds is on rise

Usually we think creating decorative tattoo designs on bodies is for a style. But in recent times a new trend of getting tattooed is on rise to hide any sorts of wounds or mask the marks and thereby making the skin appear normal.

People with either burns, cut marks, injury marks, stitch mark on their skin or with discolorations due to various reasons, white patches caused due to skin diseases like leukoderma and vitiligo, even those suffering from psoriasis have started getting tattooed to appear good.

This apart, the break ups couple who want to remove names also approach tattoo parlours to cover the names with some designs. Almost colour which matches their skin tone are used to cover the wounds which bring happiness among people, specially women who are more conscious about their looks and beauty.

40-year-old Manasa who was feeling embarrassed to go out with the white spots on skin over a decade said: ' I used to always wear full sleeves dressed, blouses due to bright white patches on hands. The way people were looking towards me was disturbing lot. Just six months back, I decided to create a tattoo design on hands. Now, people come near and ask to show me the design created on hands. Now, am also free of inferiority complexes.'

Another government employee speaking in anonymity said: “I was afflicted with leukoderma, due to which there was loss of pigmentation resulting in occurrence of white patches on the neck, hands. I decided to get tattoo near neck and parts of hands. Due to this, the visibility of the white patches has come down by 70 per cent. This is a clever method to overcome social stigma to hide the marks and also make them appear beautiful.”

19-year-old Lakshmi a college student while experimenting to cook a dish got her thumb severely burnt. To cover up the burns mark she decided to get it tattooed with an artistic design so that the burn doesn't show up. Another student Sunil, who feel down from bike and got stitch over face has also covered with tattoo.

Tattoo Artist Nanjundaswamy who has been tattooing for the past eight years said: “Using body tattoos as a decorative art has been in vogue since a very long time. Since two years the demand for getting tattooed to hide wounds is on rise. Those having ugly appearance of burn marks and cuts get tattooed to make the skin look beautiful. The indelible inks inserted into the inner skin layers will change the pigment and helps to reduce the visibility of the wounds.”

Another tattoo artist Kumar Shankar, said: 'People tattooing their bodies in increasing in the last two years. It has become a trend among youngsters and women in their mid 30's are showing interest to get tattooed on their back and hands. Added to this, even those suffer from wounds approach in large number. College students opt tattoos of their birth constellation, love symbols and floral designs while some even get their faces tattooed with the pictures of their near and dear ones. At present small, medium size tattoos are much sought. We hope in next five years people will get tattooed bigger one.'

What dermatologists say

While, most of the people suffering from wounds, vitiligo are refereed by dermatologists for tattooing. While, there are couple of people take risk and decide to get tattooed to over come the social stigma.

KR Hospital Skin Department HOD Dr BL Nanjundaswamy said that one should get tattooed from professionals and necessary hygiene, safety standards and clean has to be maintained. The non disposable equipments used should be sterlized properly and mild colours should be used. One should not get tattooed over chest, shoulder. Some people experience skin infection, and also can lead to keloids after tattooing. Using needles more precautions has to be taken as there might be chances of people getting HIV infected.

Another Dermatologist Dr Ravi said that youngsters are getting tattooed in large down the years and its very much important to get a safe tattoo without taking any health risk. 

Single screen theaters to introduce e-ticketing system by January

Here comes the good news for cine goers. Henceforth there is no need to walk to theaters well before the show timings and physically buy the tickets. Starting January one can book the movie tickets of their choice in any single screen theater in the city for any show, using online e-ticketing system. This feature was hitherto present in Multiplexes located in Malls.
The advantage of the e-ticketing is that people can book tickets online leisurely and collect the tickets at the counter on any working day. The e-ticketing feature will start functioning from January first week between 10 am to 8 pm. The additional booking charges will be levied for those collect tickets visiting respective theaters. In case if the tickets are purchased online through cashless transactions, online booking service charge of Rs 10 will be deducted per ticket.
Presently there are 18 theaters in city. Though a couple of theaters are providing online booking through the web portal 'Book My Show' from last four months, it will be streamlined by January, and every theater in the city will be brought under e-ticketing system. This apart, for the convenience of night shift workers and late night movie goers plans are on card to screen shows after 9 pm during weekends.
A website, dedicated for this will soon be launched. By visiting the website online, people can know which movie is being screened in which theater and also the show timings, in addition too booking the tickets. Also details of upcoming new movies can also be known along with watching their trailers. Theater owners of Mysuru, Hubbali, Hassan, Hospet, Shivmogga, Tumkur, Gadag, Davangere, Bijapura, Bellary have come together to launch this website which will update their screenings online.
Housewife Chaya said: 'To watch First Show we had to start early at 3.30 pm, stand in queue and buy tickets. There were instances when tickets were sold out much earlier for newly released movies and we had return disappointed. I hope the hassles of standing in long queues to get tickets will end and we get to enjoy the same benefits as those visiting Malls did, because many can't afford the high cost of tickets, parking charges and other expenditure in multiplexes.'
Student Divya, resident of Nanjangud said: 'Many times standing in long queues, with the possibility of tickets getting sold out at the last minute. Some times only one ticket per head is issued to avoid tickets being sold in black. For people going out with families especially with women, children and senior citizens, buying tickets was a difficult task. The on-line initiative will be convenient for the cine goers.'
Theaters Association President MR Raja Ram said that by January first week e-tickets will be introduced and are implementing several measures for the convenience of the movie going audience. Stating there were 24 theaters a decade ago, attracting sizeable number of audience and down the years six theaters have shut down, he said majority of people watching movies in single screen theaters hail from either middle class or poor background.

Tuesday, December 13, 2016

Yield of fish affected due to drought:

Fisheries Federation imports fish from neighbouring state Andhra Pradesh

The Karnataka State Co-operative Fisheries Federation Limited to meet the demand of fish consumers is buying river fishes from neighbouring State of Andhra Pradesh, as ponds, lakes, river sources have gone dry in district.
The federation was hitherto procuring fishes from the river waters of KRS, Kabini, Hemavathi, Kapila, lakes, ponds in villages was sufficient to manage. But this year with monsoon failure the river sources and majority of the lakes in all seven taluks have gone dry, and are not able to procure fish in sufficient quantities to meet the demand of fish lovers.
The daily demand for fish is six tonnes in urban areas and around 1.2 tonnes in rural areas. But presently the federation is getting only around 2 tonnes of fish locally while the remaining is being bought from neighbouring state. Every week around 60 tonnes of fish is being imported from Andhra Pradesh which has led to a slight increase in prices of fishes. Catla fish which was earlier being sold at Rs 110 - 120 kg is now being sold at Rs 145. There are 122 outlets in State, of which 46 kiosks located in Mysore district.

KSCFF chairman S Madegowda said most people prefer river fishes and reared in ponds, lakes than the sea fish. Fishes like Catla, Common carp, roe are much sought after because of their culinary taste and are also affordable. From Andhra Pradesh we are importing Catla, mrigal carp, and Common carp to meet the demand.

KSCFF chairman S Madegowda said: 'Due to poor yield of fish we are finding hard to meet the increasing demand of fish consumers. From last three months we are not getting 20 per cent of the catch and thus to overcome the shortage we have started importing fishes. The farmers have stopped rearing fishes in ponds which has also contributed to severe drop in supply. The fallout of this the members of Fisheries cooperative society have become jobless and are facing financial problems,' he adds.
Shekhar, who sales fish at a kiosks in Kuvempunagar said: 'There are several instances consumers are sent back with shortage in supply. Most sought fish is catla and we are not able to meet the demand.'

Sources in fisheries department said: 'Most farmers in Andhra Pradesh are rearing Pungus and are reaping profits. As local farmers were motivated to cultivate Catla fish in large quantity, whereas following drought most of them have give up rearing and breeding fishes.

Delicious fish products by January

The department will very soon launch fish delicacies such as fish cutlet, fish samosa, fish burger, fish lollipop, fish ball starting from January. Selected women entrepreneurs will be sent to undergo one week training at The Central Institute of Fisheries Technology (CIFT), Cochin, where experts will be training women on preparing fish byproducts.

About 25 members belonging to Fisheries Department society and also some from self help groups have been selected. They will be taught to prepare fish foods while simultaneously they will train others. All the machinery and equipments required to make the byproducts have been set up at the federation located in Vidyaranya Puram. 

Monday, December 12, 2016

A tea sellers son directs a movie

Doing a bar job, Prashanth dreamt of directing movie 

He was eight. Working in a bar he dreams to become a film director. Facing all the challenges and difficulties in life from the childhood, this 24-year-old K Prashanth at last has fulfilled his dream by directing a movie. He has come out with his new venture “Amavase” with tagline ‘Love Vs Friendship’ and the movie to hit the screens in the month of January.

Hailing from a poor family, Prashanth being a son of tea seller Krishnamurthy, who sales tea sorrunding to suburban bustand and KR Circle, and mother Ramamani a tailor, his path towards directing a movie was not a easy go. After school hours from the age of eight, he has worked for nearly a decade in a bar as a cleaner washing glasses and utensils to eke for livelihood. But his desire to direct a movie did not washed away.

In the initial days he started practicing writing scripts based on the conversations of customers who used to visit the bar. When he was 17-year-old he decided to quit the bar job and discontinued his ITI Training education with passionate towards making movies. With financial crunch he could not take film courses. But,  he worked for couple of years as cameraman for films and dedicated himself to learn basic of film production, direction and has learnt in a very short time. 

Later he faced other sorts of problems to find a producer. He has knocked the doors of several producers for making of movie ‘Amavase’, and has faced embarrassments for more than two years. Luckily, a doctor Chandrashekhar, accompanied with his friend Jagadish showed interest to produce the movie, and invested Rs 1.20 crores for making the movie ‘Amavase’. This is how Prashanth’s first movie has come to reality and all set to release in January.

Speaking to Express, Prashanth said: “ Nowadays its the content in the movies what driving people towards theater and not stardom. Targeting all section of people have directed the move and am sure people will enjoy the movie and I hope good response. My desire is to direct a movie for Hat-trick hero Shivarajkumar.’

Going down the memory lane, he said: 'Its my childhood dream to direct a movie. Have seen severl ups and downs in my lilfe. From tender age I started practicing script writing. There is a sense of satisfaction with successful completion of the movie 'Amavase'.

Majority of them are freshener in the movie, and hail from Mysore. The hero of the movie is Rajiv, while heroin Dharani. There are five songs in the movie and the duration is 1:45 hours, adds Prashanth whose hobby is reading books and doing mimicry.

He has named the movie 'Amavase' as he started writing script and ended on 'Amavase' day, and producer gave green signal for production on 'Amavase' day.


Plastic waste pave roads in cleanest city Mysuru

The cleanest city in country is going Bengaluru way to reduce plastic pollution

For the first of its kind in history, plastic mix road has been laid in Mysuru. Thanks for the initiatives of Mysuru City Corporation which decided to go Bengaluru way and bring down the plastic waste menace in city.

As a pilot project, ten stretches in Railway Colony in Hebbal has been selected to construct roads using bitumen technology, that is mixing waste plastic granules in hot bituminous mixes to asphalt roads.

Its learnt that the roads asphalted using plastic granules will be of much better quality, and its expected that the life of the road will be 2-3 times more. The waste plastic will be cut down to less than 5 mm size and will be mixed with hot bituminous before being laid down on the road. Already six roads have been asphalted and studying the durability of roads the authorities will further asphalt roads.

There are even plans to set up a plastic recycling unit in Mysuru. The Bengaluru based private company will be visiting Mysuru soon in the regard. The technology has been brought in by K K Plastic Waste Management Ltd, an Bengaluru based company, which has innovate technologies to handle the plastic waste by reusing it for asphalting of roads and also have laid several roads in Bengaluru.

About 420 tonnes of waste is generated in Mysuru every day, of which its estimated around 20 tonnes is plastic waste. Only half of the waste is recycled and the remaining dumped in land fills. The move to benefit immensely to address plastic waste menace in city.

Corporation Commissioner Jagadish said: 'Mysuru being awarded already as cleanest city in country, this sorts of measures will go a long way in keeping the city clean and protecting environment. By reusing plastic the amount of plastic going to landfills can be avoided to higher extent. After studying the results in Bengaluru we decided to built plastic mixed roads. If everything goes as per the plan, a unit will be set up in Mysuru.'
MCC Superintendent Suresh Babu said: 'As per the studies its proved that the usage of plastics in bituminous mixes the quality of roads will be last longer. Quite a good quantity of plastic waste is generated in the city and the move will help to address the plastic waste to higher extent.'

'Though the Corporation has banned the usage of plastic, it has not been possible to completely stop the use of plastic. Plastic waste are non biodegradable and pose a serious threat to the environment. Along with creating awareness, this sorts of finding alternatives we can protect environment,' says environment officer speaking in anonymity. 

Monday, December 5, 2016

‘Tabala’ shape building to come up at Kikkeri in memory of Dr KSN

A unique building in a special shape is coming up at Kikkeri in Mandya district in memory of great poet laureate Dr KS Narasimhaswamy. The building is being constructed to commemorate his 100th birth anniversary, thereby to show a gratitude to the personified artiste.

The interesting feature of this Sugamma Sangeetha Academy is that it will be constructed in the shape of the percussion instrument ‘Tabala’ and is estimated to cost around Rs 3 crore. Another interesting feature is that displays of famous poet laureates of Kannada such as Bendre, Putina, Kuvempu, Bhavageethe singers C Ashwath and Mysuru Anathaswamy, Sugama Sangeetha singer P Kaling Rao in the front entrance. Whenever a visitor stands near a particular photo gallery an audio clipping will be played describing the details great personalities. The works will commence from January. 

The building comprises two storeys, of which the ground floor will be an auditorium having a seating capacity of 500, while the hall in the first floor will be provided to train students learning music. Four guest rooms will also be constructed to accommodate artistes who visit the Bhavan to conduct programmes. Plans are there to to invite renowned artistes to impart training for students under the title ‘KSN Sugama Sangeetha school’. Already an arch reading ‘Welcome to Mysuru Mallige KSN Kikkeri Village’ has been created to erect at the entrance of the village.

On line of popular unique buildings in art field that is the Sydney Opera House, a multi-venue performing arts centre in Sydney, Australia and violin shaped architecture of Chowdiah Memorial Hall in Bangalore, the building in ‘Tabala’ shape will be constructed dedicated for Sugama Sangeetha, says Karnataka Sugama Sangeetha Parishat Chairman Dr Krishnamurthy has taken the initiative of constructing the building.

“There are many rural talents who are deprived of opportunity. The bhavan will be used to impart training. Over the past one year, programmes are held every weekend  to generate interest in the public about music. It’s a dream of C Ashwath to construct the Bhavan, and I am making all efforts to make it a reality while taking the help of known persons and local politicians. The Bhavan will be completed by next year,” he adds.

‘KSN is a gigantic personality and we are happy the Bhavan is coming in Kikkeri, the birth place of KSN (January 26, 1915). We are eagerly waiting for the completion day. A great poet will be introduced to future generation with the construction of Bhavan’, says village head Puttappa Naik.

The land for the building has been donated by family member of Krishnamurthy to fulfill his desire of building a memorial, while his parents BS Narayan Bhat and Rukmini have supported lot in this venture.

After cleanest city, the next target is to restore water bodies

With Mysore getting the cleanest city tag for two consecutive years, the next traget is to give the city with the largest number of natural lakes. The District Administration has started implementing measures on a war footing for the conservation of lake and restore water levels in the lakes in and around the city. 

If everything goes as per the plan in a span of year, nearly 15 lakes in and around city will get a new lease of life. Deputy Commissioner Randeep is roping in industries for the development of the lakes under Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in association with Confederation of Indian Industry (CII). 

There are 26 major lakes in city, and efforts are being made to make sure various industries take initative to rejuvenate the lakes, which include desiling, development, and making the rain water easily flow towards lakes. A few lakes have already been adopted by big corporate houses under the CSR initiative, such as the Bommanahalli Lake in Hebbal by RBI for Rs 29 lakh; Hebbal Lake by Infosys Foundation for Rs 32 crore.

The famous Dalvoy Kere located on Mysuru-Nanjangud Road will also get a new look. A company from Canada has come forward to develop this lake. They will bring in latest technology to clean up the lake and the entire work might be done under Public Private Partnership.  

This apart, just a week ago, three lakes at Chamundi hills that is Devi Kere, Thavare Kere and Hirekere has been adopted by Automoptive Excels. With the restoration of lakes atop Chamundi Hills its learnt that that hundreds of rare species of birds would visit to drink water and roost. Thanks for the initatives of Confederation of Indian Industries which is motivating the industries to develop the lakes under CSR initiative.

Those industries which were evading the CSR cannot do so any more. A formal letter is being drafted by District Administration to be circulated to all industries soon, where it clearly states that as per law 2 per cent of their net profits should be set aside for corporate social responsibility, and as per the Company Acts, 80 per cent of the CSR fund should be used to meet the local needs.  

Speaking to Express, Deputy Commissioner D Randeep said: ‘Mysuru is reknown as Green Mysuru and this can continue only with conservation of water bodies. We have plans to rejuvenate 15 lakes by next year, and industries are being roped in to take up development works under CSR.’

Dr N Muthukumar, Chairman, CII Mysuru said: ‘Mysuru will be made first water positive in the country by 2020. We are sure various industries take initative to adopt 26 lakes and develop them. CII is trying to bring all Industries to adopt the lakes and there is very good response from Industrial sector. District Administration will put pressure on rain water harvesting in every houses and commerical establishment in future. Lakes will be taken by industries and there will be huge benefit. With all this, we certainly achieve the target.’

Naturalist Harsha who has discovered 42 water bodies surrounding the perimeter of Chamundi hills, stressed the importance of rejuvenating lakes, adding: ‘The excess rain water flows down and gets mixed with UGD water. By taking conservation measures several small ponds surrounding the foothills can be rejuvenated and by this ground water table can be recharged. A lake near the APMC yard is used for dumping waste. The waste can be used produce bio gas and lake can be conserved.’

‘With bore wells already going dry due to excessive drawing of ground water  and without proper replenishment due to less rainfalls, it anticipated that the same fate may await the cities lakes, which may completely vanish one day. So restoring water levels in the lakes in and around the city has to be given importance,’ he adds.


Friday, December 2, 2016

Century-old Ethno-music instruments displayed under one roof at IGRMS

Are you curious to see how the ethno-music instruments used by our ancestors look like. Then don't miss an opportunity to visit Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sngrahalaya located at Wellington House, which has put on display more than 105 different kinds of musical instruments, collected from various parts of the country, creating awe and curiosity not only among music connoisseurs but also general public.

Displayed under the theme 'Vaadhya' an exhibition on ethno-music in India, it showcases varieties of Indian instruments used by different communities. The interesting aspect that the musical instruments on display have been collected by the staff of IGRMS over the past three to four decades, touring all across country. They are made of leather, wood, metal and even animal bones and horns.

Each gallery is presented with thematic through its classification, typology and usage. The ethnographic collection have been acquired from all parts of India which include tribal and folk communities.

In all, the Expo is an attempt made to supply the vivid indigenous knowledge system in making of the instruments and belief of the people.

The musical instruments have been categorised as tribal, non tribal, folk, classical and traditional. Some Instruments are shaped as animal heads, monkeys, human, birds, fish, which is drawing curious crowds. Another interesting part of the exhibition is the display of photographaps of the families who donated these instruments, accompanied with a brief description about musical instrument on display.

The collection includes wind instrument, string instrument, conical drums, Changu (single member drums), Nagada, Chorchori, horizontal / vertical drums, Indian classical instruments, ideophonic, mandan (double membrane musical drum), Damuru, Khanjari, Machung among several others.

Percussions such as varieties of bells, plates, pots, rods, rings, and clappers, harps, rattles, which are played by striking, rubbing, shaking, clashing, have been displayed. They are mostly solid in nature, and the ideophonic percussions are rarely tuned once they are created. This apart, varieties of drums such as dhol, nagara, damaru (hour-glass type); Daffli (Circular type), Ghat (pitcher type) are very fascinating. The variations of instrument are purely based on the availability of raw materials and taste of music of the creator.

'This is an attempt to bring the art and craft of India to a single platform to develop a better understanding among the visit about rich of the ethnographic musical instruments of India', said J Vijaymohan, officer in-charge, IGRMS.

V Ashok Vardhan, Museum Associate, IGRMS said that there are more than 1 lakh collections at IGMRS Head Quarters in Bhopal, at and there are plans to host different exhibitions categorising them as north India Collection, North Eastern. Very soon an exclusive lamps collection of Bhopal will be put on display, he added.

Good response

The museum which was inaugurated a couple of days ago is receiving good response. Apart from localities, quite a good number of tourists, including foreigners are visiting the museum to have a look of the instruments. Mathieu and Caristine from Canada said that; “We had heard about India's rich heritage and culture. By visiting the gallery, we came to know about the entertainment sources of various communities across country. The description are very helpful for tourists to know about the instrument and communities. Our time in the gallery was well spent.”

“We came to know about different varieties of musical instruments. By having a look at these instruments we can study about culture, tradition, entertainment of the particular community,” says Vanaja another visitor to museum. The exhibition which concludes on November 2017, is open for public from 10 am to 5 pm.

About Wellington House

Wellington House is an important historical monument and a heritage building in Mysuru, constructed 200 years ago. It is one of the earliest structures built for the British officers in Mysuru. It was the head quarters of the early Commissioners of the erstwhile Mysore State.

After the Tippu Sultan's fall, Colonel Arthur Wellesly, who later became the Duke of Wellington lived here from 1799 to 1801 AD. Hence, the building is known as Wellington House. In this two storied building, first floor is an Art Gallery housing the Directorate of Archaeology and Museums Paintings. While, the ground floor houses the IGRMS and SRC which started functioning from 2001 onwards under the Ministry of culture, GOI. Its a national museum works for collection, exhibition and promotion of tangible and intangible cultures of India.

About musical instrument 

Horizontally played drums / Horizontal Drums:
Known by various regional names, horizontally played double membrane drums occupy a unique space in the domain of Indian culture. They exist in different forms, shapes and sizes; and play significant role in the traditional functions and rituals of the communities. With the basic use of dug-out logs, hollow earthen body and animal hide a wide range of horizontal drums with ethnic and community representations provide better understanding of the people of India.

Vertical Drums:
Double membrane, conical, semi-conical drums of various shapes and sizes are often played by vertical orientation. Holding position of these drums makes them unique as they are hanged from neck to reach up to the belly and played using sticks according to the drum type Clay, wood, dry gourd and animal hide are the major constituent elements of these instruments.

String Instrument:
It is believed that string instruments are originated from the hunting bow. The twangling of bow-string could have suggested its use as tonal adjunct to rhythm. String instruments are of many types and forms but are categorized into two categories – one played with bows and other without bow. A wide range of string instruments and their regional varieties are presented in this exhibition.

Instruments under this category are mostly solid in nature and do not require any tuning once they are constructed. Metal Gongs, Temple bells, Cymbals, Clappers, Musical bowl etc, are some of the glaring examples.

Hour Glass Drums:
Known as Damaru, drum of this kind speaks about the Vedic origin. In Hinduism, the Damaru is known as the instrument of Lord Shiva where as in the Tibetan Buddhism, it is used as instrument in Tantric practices. Even today, the Damaru finds its use among the street charmers for taming monkey. Some communities also use the enlarged versions of Damaru and they are known by different names.
Conical Drums:
Conical drums are one of the primary drums which are ancient in origin. Vedic literature mentions it as ‘Bhoomi – Dundubi; an earthen pit covered with animal hide and nailed with wooden pegs, where the tail of animal is used as percussion. Commonly known as ‘Nagada or Nagra; these drums were used at one point of time for communicating important messages over considerable distances. It also finds a prominent place in the rituals, marriage, dances and festive occasions.

Wind Instruments:
There is no definite answer on when and how the wind instruments originated. An insight into the academic explanation suggest the possibility that, wind passing through holes bored by insects in bamboo produced whistling sound, suggesting the raise of a primitive wind instrument. From the early reed instruments to the more progressive bone, wooden, metallic trumpets and later to a wide range of advanced finger-hole instruments with harmonic possibilities, one can access the facets of art aesthetic, culture and chaotic expression of human life.

Pena is an indigenous musical instrument used by the Meitei community of Manipur. The earliest record of Pena is traced with mythological origin when ‘Leinung Tharuk Asheiba; the court singer, first introduced this instrument to the Nongda Lairen Pakhangba who is regarded as the first ruling deity of Manipur. Later, the famous minstrel players and successors of the royal guild develop it with proper lyrical notes under the royal patronage. The present exhibit ‘Penao’ is the modern version of traditional “Pena” which was introduced by a musical bond the rhythms of Manipur on 21st January 2007.

Changu is an important single membrane drum used by the Juang tribe of Odisha in their dormitory called Majang. Making of Changu is always associated with the experienced hands of the elderly Juang males as it requires great skill. The long and flat piece of wood is immersed in water to into a circular shape. The goat’s hide is then fitted to the circular frame. The extra skin   folded along the flat circumference of the drum is fitted with wooden pegs. These wooden pegs hold the membrane tight laterally and it gives the drum a unique shape which is very peculiar to this tribe.

Indian Classical Instruments:
The origin of Indian Classical Instrument is deeply rooted in Vedic ritual chants. Today, there are two sub-genres of Indian Classical Instrument, one Hindustani classical instrument of North India and the other being, used in Carnatic music the classical tradition of South India. The tradition of Indian Classical instrument was born out of a cultural synthesis of several music traditions including various native folk traditions prevalent in the Sub-continent region. Instruments such as Veena, Santoor, Jaltarang, Rabab, Dilruba, Sarangi, Shehnai, Tabla, Pakhawaj, Sarod and Tambura / Tanpura are among the famous classical musical instruments.

A decorative metal craft of Manipur

The metal craft of Manipur flourished with royal patronage during 17th century in Manipur. The present exhibition Senthak - Senkha is a decorated tray with fine details of floral rim and crown like lid signifying the prowess and glory of the Manipuri king. The crown like lid symbolises sky and the tray like body is regarded to be the divine representation of Earth. In Manipur, a particular lineage of the Meitei society is specialized in this unique craft. They are confined in the Heirangoithory and Aneibam Leikai of Imphal. Since the beginning of this craft in Manipur.